Good morning everyone and welcome to Wednesday’s home learning activities.

## Maths

How do we classify shapes?

What2-D shapes do we know?

What 3-D shapes do we know?

What are some similarities and differences between 2-D and 3-D shapes?

3D Faces Questions Activity Sheet

3D Shape Label Match Activity Sheet

3D Shapes Properties Table Activity Sheet

Do These Shapes Roll Activity Sheet

## English

Today we are going to be looking at examples of explanation texts and instruction texts.

Here are the features of an explanation text.

• Clear title Often in the form of a question
• Introduction – offers a brief background to the topic
• Paragraphs – clear series of paragraphs under subheadings
• Organisational features (subheadings, bullet points, boxes etc.)
• Diagrams with labels
• Summary at the end to bring the piece to a close
• Glossary of technical terms

Purpose:

• To set out an explanation of how something works or why something happens. Describes a process

Language:

• Present tense
• Third person (usually)
• Technical vocabulary
• Often impersonal language
• Time adverbs/conjunctions for sequencing events (now, next, afterwards, when, as, while) to sequence events
• Causal conjunctions (because, so, as)
• Active voice

Here is an example of a explanation text.

Quill pens are a form of writing implement that has been used for thousands of years, made from the feather of a bird such as a goose, swan or turkey.

How is a quill pen prepared?

There are four key elements needed to prepare a quill pen for writing:

• The nib needs to be ‘cured’ by placing it in hot water, hot ash or hot sand because this makes the nib more flexible and so more durable.
• The nib is sharpened so that the marks it makes will be clean and precise. This is done at an angle using a penknife.
• A slit is cut into the nib as this guides ink to the sharpened point of the pen.

How does a quill pen work?

A quill pen transfers the ink from the ink well onto the page by dipping the quill into the ink. However, the key to creating neat clear lettering is to keep the quill at an angle when writing. Capillary action directs the ink down the slit in the nib to the point of the pen as it touches the page.

How can the ink be prevented from smudging once finished?

By sprinkling sand onto the page and shaking back off, any excess ink is absorbed meaning the page won’t smudge. Smudging spoils the look of the writing because it makes it appear messy or difficult to read.

Summary

Quill pens need to be prepared for use, but, while not as convenient as the modern fountain pen, can be used to create beautiful calligraphy writing.

Here are the features of a instuction text.

Structure & Layout:

• Clear title stating what will be done or made
• A list of materials – items required to successfully follow the instructions
• Clear layout – each instruction has its own line or paragraph
• Organisational features (bullet points, boxes etc.)
• Diagrams with labels
• Hints and tips or alternatives

Purpose:

• To set out a process so a reader knows how to do something

Language:

• Present tense
• Second person (usually)
• Technical vocabulary
• Often impersonal language (although some are more personal)
• Time adverbs for sequencing events (now, next, afterwards)
• Bossy imperative verbs to instruct

Here is an example of instruction text

How to use a quill pen

1. First, hold the quill pen as you would a normal pen.
2. Then, dip it into your ink well and slowly lift it back out, scraping the excess ink on the edge of the well.
3. Next, hold your pen so that the nib is at an angle and start writing.
4. Once the ink runs dry, return the nib to the ink well and repeat step 2.
5. After you have finished writing, sprinkle some sand over the page to mop up any excess ink.
6. Finally, rinse the nib under water and dab dry with kitchen towel.

Activity

Today I would like you to look at the sheet below and think about each section. I would like you to decide if it is an explanation text or some instructions.

Instructions or Explanation Text

## Stilling Time

Stilling time video

## Topic

Our new topic is all about the UK.

Can you spot the UK on each of these maps?

Can you spot the UK on these maps?

Which countries make up the UK?

England

Scotland

Wales

Northern Ireland

Let’s have a quiz.

Round 1

Which countries capital city is London?

Which countries capital city is Edinburgh?

Which countries capital city is Cardiff?

Which countries capital city is Belfast?

Round 2

What country is home to Ben Nevis?

What country is home to the Giant’s Causeway?

What country is home to Snowdon?

What country is home to Stone Hedge?

Round 3

Which countries flag is this?

Which countries flag is this?

Which countries flag is this?

Which countries flag is this?

Today I would like you to complete the activity below. Find all the cities in the UK and label them on the map. No cheating as the answers are on the sheet below.

The best way to find the cities on this map would be to use an atlas. Here is a link to an online atlas.

UK Cities Activity Sheet

RE